Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy
- (1342-1404)The son of King John II of France, Philip married Margaret, heiress of Flanders in 1369, a territory he inherited when his father-in-law, the Count of Flanders, died. Philip was made Duke of Touraine in 1360 and rewarded three years later with the Duchy of Burgundy for his participation in the Battle of Poitiers against England. Along with his brothers, Jean, Duc de Berry, and Louis I D'Anjou, he acted as regent to Charles VI of France. Philip moved his court to Dijon and embellished the city with works of art. One of his main focuses was the Chartreuse de Champmol, the Carthusian monastery he founded and where he established his mortuary chapel. There, Claus Sluter embellished the portals with sculptures (1385-1393), rendered his famed WellofMoses (1395-1406; Dijon, Musée Archéologique), and Philip's tomb (1390-1393). Melchior Broederlam painted his Dijon Altarpiece (1394-1399; Dijon, Musée des Beaux-Arts) and Jean Malouel the Pietà (c. 1400; Paris, Louvre) and Martyrdom of St. Denis (fin. c. 1416; Paris, Louvre) for the same monastery. The Limbourg brothers also worked for the duke before entering in the service of Jean de Berry.
Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. Lilian H. Zirpolo. 2008.
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